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            英语阅读

            专业四级专业八级中考英语高考英语自考英语托福托业公共英语GREGMAT

            备考:最全专八改错常考点

            lzy 于2017-10-11发布 l 已有人浏览
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            备考:最全专八改错常考点

             【1】固定搭配(箭头右边表示正?#36820;?#25645;配)

            1. in return to → in return for 报答

            2. substitute A with B → substitute A for B 用A代替B

            3. account 20% → account for 20% 占据…比例

            4. attitude on life → attitude towards/to life 对生活的态度

            5. in a quick speed → at a quick speed 高速

            6. with many respects → in many respects 在许多方面

            7. considerations to… → considerations for… 考虑

            8. become victims of … → become victims to … 成为牺牲品

            9. the problems with the government → the problems for the government 政府的难题

            10. resistance of → resistance to 抵抗

            11. embark sth. → embark on sth. 着手做某事

            12. at advance of sth. → in advance of sth. 提前,在…之前

            13. interpret… to → interpret… as 把…解释为…

            14. take pride of → take pride in ?#26223;?/p>

            15. leap out to… → leap out at… 扑过来

            16. inject them lethal strains → inject them withlethalstrains 注射

            17. charge him with the same price → charge himwiththe same price 收费

            18. imbalance of A and B → imbalance between A and B A与B间的不平衡

            19. fortify sb. for sth. → fortify sb. against sth. 加强…以抵御…

            20. cast/ throw/ shed light to sth. → cast/throw/ shed light on sth. 给…提供线索

            21. in proportion with → in proportion to 与…成比例

            22. pay for it with dollars → pay for it in dollars 用美元支付

            23. be in liberty to → be at liberty to 不受限制或支配

            24. be contrasted to → be contrasted with 形成反差,对立

            25. commit an offence to → commit an offence against 犯罪行为

            26. ability of (doing) sth. → ability in (doing) sth. 做某事的能力

            27. defend sth. against → defend sth. from 保护不受伤害

            28. at the first place → in the first place 首先

            29. take to do → take to doing 求助于,开始

            30. yearn to → yearn for ?#37322;?/p>

            31. at average → on average ?#39556;?/p>

            32. identify oneself to → identify oneself with 参加到…中

            33. be successful on doing → be successful at/in doing 成功做某事

            34. get one’s teeth on → get one’s teeth into 埋头做,认真做

            35. approach to do … → approach to doing … 做某事的方法

            36. succeed doing sth. → succeed in doing sth. 成功做某事

            37. demand of luxury goods → demand for luxury goods 对奢侈?#36820;男?#27714;

            38. differ A from B → distinguish A from B 把A和B区分开

            【2】形近异义词的区分

            1. adapt v. 适合,改写 – adopt v. 采纳;收养

            2. confirm v. 批准,?#21857;?– conform v. ?#38469;?/p>

            3. former adj. 前者的 – formal adj. 正式的

            4. diary n. 日记 – dairy n. 牛?#22363;?/p>

            5. personal adj.私?#35828;?– personnel n.人员

            6. beside prep. 在…旁边 – besides adv. 除了

            7. principal adj. 主要的 – principle n. 原则

            8. conscious n. 意识 – conscientious adj. 认真负责的,良心的

            9. stationary adj.固定的,不动的 – stationery n. 文具,办公用品

            10. considerate adj. 体贴的 – considerable adj. 大量的

            11. affect v. 影响 – effect n. 影响

            12. contact v. 联系 – contract v. 收缩

            13. moral adj. 道德的 – morale n. ?#31185;?/p>

            14. industrious adj. 勤奋的 – industrial adj. 工业的

            15. desert n. 沙漠;v. 抛弃 – dessert n. 甜品

            16. require v. 要求 – acquire v. 获得,习得 – inquire v.咨询

            17. presence n. 出现,出席 – presentation n. ?#25925;?/p>

            18. transformation n. 改变 – transmission n. 传播

            19. value n. 价值 – evaluate v. 评估,测评

            20. tense n. 时态;adj. 紧的 – tension n. 紧张

            21. cooker n. 厨具 – cook n. 厨师

            22. complexity n. 复杂性– complex n. 合成体

            23. insurance n. 保险 – assurance n. 担保

            24. provide v. 提供 – provided/providing 如果

            25. perceive v. 理解 – conceive v. 构想,设想

            26. effective adj. ?#34892;?#30340; – affective adj. 受…影响的

            27. latter adj. 后面的 – later adj. 后来

            28. late adj. 迟的,已故的 – latest adj.最晚的,最新的

            29. farther adj.距离更远 – further adj.程度更进一步

            30. healthy adj.健康的 – healthful adj.?#24184;?#20581;康的

            31. continual adj.连续的 – continuous adj.?#20013;?#19981;断的

            32. respectable adj.可敬的; 体面的 – respectful adj.表示尊敬的

            33. historic adj.有历史意义的 – historical adj.有关历?#36820;?/p>

            34. rise vi. 起立;升起?#21804;?#22768;音)提高 – raise vt. 举起;种植;唤醒;提出;鼓起

            35. producing v. 生产 – productive adj. 产量高的

            36. lonely adj.精神上寂寞 – alone adj.单独,一个人

            37. across prep. 从中间穿过(介词) – cross v. 穿过(动词)

            38. permit n. 通行证 – permission n. ?#24066;?/p>

            39. memorizing v. 记住 – memorable adj. 值得纪念的

            40. normal n.常态,通常标准 – norm n. 规范,行为标准

            41. acceptability n. 可接受性 – acceptance n. 接受

            42. economical adj. 节俭的 – economic adj. 经济的

            43. agent n. 代理人 – agency n. 代理机构

            44. reward n. 回馈 – award n. 奖赏

            45. special adj. 特殊的 – specific adj. 特定的

            【3】逻辑连词:根据上下文逻辑关系,选择正?#36820;?#36923;辑连词

            1. therefore – nevertheless/however (大部分therefore?#23478;?#25913;为however)

            2. and – but

            3. but – because

            4. moreover – however

            5. after – before

            6. since – although

            7. that – if

            8. from now on – from then on

            9. all – none

            10. if – unless

            11. besides – except

            12. therefore – because

            13. so – because

            14. that’s why +结果 – that’s because +原因

            【4?#25239;?#35789;:不定冠词、定冠词、零冠词

            (1)冠词多余

            1. on the either side –> on either side

            2. in the Europe –> in Europe

            3. in the winter –> in winter (季节前不加冠词)

            4. take the issue –> take issue(对…持异议,不同意)

            (2)冠词缺漏

            1. among most –> among the most

            2. one of first –> one of the first

            3. atmosphere –>the atmosphere(表示独一无二的事物)

            4. between us and rest –> between us and the rest

            5. in minority –> in the minority

            6. around floor –> around the floor

            7. piano –>the piano (乐器前要有定冠词)

            8. English language –>the English language

            9. at heart of –> at the heart of

            10. in long run –> in the long run

            【5】形容词副词混用:形容?#24066;?#39280;名词,副?#24066;?#39280;动词、形容词或整个句子

            1. be well equipped as –> be as well equipped as

            2. heavy industrialized –>heavily-industrialized

            3. spread colossal –> spread colossally

            4. similar strong –>similarly strong

            5. feel hopeless thwarted –> feel hopelessly thwarted

            6. comparative high proportion –>comparatively high proportion

            7. in the passed 5 years –> in the past 5 years

            8. culture embedded attitudes –>culturally embedded attitudes

            9. increasing – increasingly

            10. simple – simply

            11. pure – purely

            12. much – many

            【6】成分残缺、多余

            1. a world which I could get… – a world in which I could get…

            2. the idea shows – the idea that shows (先行?#35797;?#23450;语从句中作主语,关系代词不可省略)

            3. take for granted that – take it for granted that

            4. one of the most glaring form – one of the most glaring forms

            5. their jobs engage in their interest – their jobs engage their interest (engage单独使用表示“占用(某人时间),吸引(某人注意力)”)

            6. complain about sth. – complain sth.

            7. work sth. – work out sth.

            8. believe in – believe (believe单独使用表示?#35805;?#30340;“相信”,believe in表示“信?#25991;?#20154;,信仰…”)

            9. 20 percents – 20 percent

            10. eyes contact – eye contact

            11. seven – seventh

            12. the process which it function – the process by which it function

            13. communication service – communications service (通?#27431;?#21153;、通讯服务)

            14. average incomes – average income (income为不可数名词)

            15. the like of – the likes of (诸如此类的)

            16. be referred to XX – be referred to as XX

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